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Touchpad: scorrimento a due dita come sul Mac, su qualsiasi portatile Linux

[This guide is available in English on Wiz and Chips]

ATTENZIONE!! LE NUOVE ISTRUZIONI AGGIORNATE PER UBUNTU E KUBUNTU 8.10 INTREPID IBEX SONO IN FONDO A QUESTO ARTICOLO!

Ci sono cose sul Mac che, persino io devo ammettere, sono davvero ragguardevoli.

Una di queste, è lo scrolling a due dita sul touchpad dei Macbook e Macbook Pro. Il touchpad è comodissimo, se non si ha lo spazio o il piano di appoggio per un mouse, ma potrebbe essere davvero più usabile. E' possibile abilitare una zona sulla destra (a volte serigrafata addirittura sul pad stesso) per scorrere le pagine web o le interfacce del sistema operativo, ma personalmente la trovo scomodissima, perché ci finisco sempre durante i normali movimenti del puntatore.

Insomma, secondo me la soluzione Apple è ideale, ma richiede hardware appositamente progettato, hardware Apple. Oppure no?

Assillato dal dubbio, ho fatto un po' di ricerca. E i risultati sono stati assolutamente sorprendenti. Così sorprendenti da farmi domandare come abbia fatto a non averne mai sentito parlare prima, ma soprattutto a chiedermi come sia possibile che laptop di altri produttori non beneficino di questa capacità (brevetti?).

Ciò che segue vale solo per Ubuntu 8.04. Per la versione 8.10 seguire le istruzioni in fondo al post.

Su lucumr apprendo la sconvolgente verità: lo scrolling a due dita è possibile con moltissimi touchpad di marca Synaptics, che a quanto mi risulta ha praticamente il monopolio del mercato. Inoltre il driver Synaptics per Linux supporta lo scorrimento a due dita verticale ed orizzontale, al modestissimo prezzo di aggiungere due righe di configurazione a xorg.conf:

Option "VertTwoFingerScroll" "true"
Option "HorizTwoFingerScroll" "true"

Ricaricato X (ctrl+alt+backspace) scopro che il trackpad dell'Acer Aspire sul quale ho provato la modifica supporta alla perfezione lo scorrimento a due dita.

Proseguo la ricerca, su Ispirazioni Informatiche trovo che questa opzione è disponibile in Linux addirittura dal 2006, e che aggiungendo un'ulteriore riga a xorg.conf è possibile installare anche un bel pannello di configurazione grafica per queste nuove opzioni.

Pannello di controllo per lo scorrimento a due dita

Ecco le istruzioni passo passo per abilitare questa funzione su Ubuntu (e sulle distribuzioni basate su GNOME, per le distribuzioni KDE basta, in genere, limitarsi a sostituire gedit con kwrite o kate).

1) fare un backup di xorg.conf:

sudo cp /etc/X11/xorg.conf /etc/X11/xorg.conf.synaptics

(ho l'abitudine di rinominare i file con qualcosa che mi ricordi l'operazione che mi apprestavo a fare prima della modifica, ma qualunque nome va bene)

2) aprire xorg.conf:

sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

3) Aggiungere le tre righe

Option "SHMConfig" "on"
Option "VertTwoFingerScroll" "true"
Option "HorizTwoFingerScroll" "true"

alla sezione InputDevice di Synaptics, che apparirà quindi all'incirca così:

Section "InputDevice"
Identifier "Synaptics Touchpad"
Driver "synaptics"
Option "SendCoreEvents" "true"
Option "Device" "/dev/psaux"
Option "Protocol" "auto-dev"
Option "HorizEdgeScroll" "0"
Option "SHMConfig" "on"
Option "VertTwoFingerScroll" "true"
Option "HorizTwoFingerScroll" "true"
EndSection

4) Installare gsynaptics dai repository. (Si posizionerà in Sistema->Preferenze)

5) Riavviare X, o l'intero PC.

Oltre allo scrolling a due dita, se si abilita il tapping, anche questo può avvenire in modalità multipla:

Tap a 1 dito: click con il tasto sinistro del mouse

Tap a 2 dita: click con la rotella del mouse, in firefox apre il link in un nuovo tab.

Tap a 3 dita: click con il tasto destro del mouse [Grazie Claudio]

Per evitare problemi, consiglio di effettuare l'operazione solo con un mouse USB di emergenza a portata di mano.

Per chi fosse scettico, o per chi non ha familiarità con lo scorrimento a due dita ho messo su YouTube un breve video dimostrativo.

 


 >>AGGIORNAMENTO 8.10<<<

Per Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex, Kubuntu 8.10 e probabilmente la maggior parte delle distribuzioni basate sul nuovo Xorg 7.4 la procedura è radicalmente cambiata.

A quanto pare abilitare SHMConfig è sconsigliato in un ambiente multiuser "untrusted", ovvero nel quale non conoscete o non potete fidarvi a priori degli altri utenti.

Il modo più sicuro per abilitare lo scorrimento a due dita in questo caso è utilizzare un file XML per l'Hardware Abstraction Layer con le impostazioni per questa funzione.

Il file deve contenere questo testo:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?><deviceinfo version="0.2">  <device>    <match key="input.x11_driver" contains="synaptics">    <merge key="input.x11_options.SHMConfig" type="string">On</merge>    <merge key="input.x11_options.TapButton2" type="string">3</merge>    <merge key="input.x11_options.TapButton3" type="string">2</merge>    <merge key="input.x11_options.VertTwoFingerScroll" type="string">1</merge>    <merge key="input.x11_options.HorizTwoFingerScroll" type="string">1</merge>  </match></device></deviceinfo>

ed deve essere salvato come:

/etc/hal/fdi/policy/11-synaptics-options.fdi

Se non avete familiarità con linux seguite queste semplici istruzioni:

- Scaricate il file già pronto che ho preparato per voi, nella vostra home (esempio /home/carlo)

- Aprite il terminale, verificate di essere nella vostra home, e digitate:

sudo cp 11-synaptics-options.fdi /etc/hal/fdi/policy/

Riavviate il pc (riavviare X non basta più).

Lo scorrimento a due dita dovrebbe funzionare.

Abilitare GSynaptics e SHMConfig.

Se siete gli unici utenti sul vostro PC, o volete comunque abilitare GSynaptics (o QSynaptics per KDE) dovete creare il file:

/etc/hal/fdi/policy/shmconfig.fdi

contenente:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<deviceinfo version="0.2">
 <device>
  <match key="input.x11_driver" string="synaptics">
   <merge key="input.x11_options.SHMConfig" type="string">True</merge>
  </match>
 </device>
</deviceinfo>

Ancora una volta ecco le istruzioni semplificate:

- Scaricate il file già pronto che ho preparato per voi, nella vostra home (esempio /home/carlo)

- Aprite il terminale, verificate di essere nella vostra home, e digitate:

sudo cp shmconfig.fdi /etc/hal/fdi/policy/

Riavviate il PC.

Cercate ed installate gsynaptics con il vostro gestore dei pacchetti.

E' tutto, verificato su Ubuntu 8.10 Intrepid Ibex

[ Fonti: help.ubuntu.com e jann.is ]

 

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  8. Welches hätte von Lexer (1931) erkannt Entstehen
    Routiniertheit. Es kann, schon hier, angenommen
    werden, dass er dasjenige Bestätigen auf Abstand bleiben
    wollte. Nebst Deutsche Mark Bewerten jener Plastischen Chirurgie
    wie Wiederherstellungs-Chirurgie/-Herangehensweise hat
    er Chip angrenzend DEM Begriff dieser Plastischen Chirurgie
    übergeordnet notwendige „Kunst des Heilens“
    (Porter 2000) alles andere als berücksichtigt.

    Durch jenes Nichtbeachten der in dem Satzteil
    „plastisch“ immanenten ästhetischen Bedeutung
    konnte er Chip wesentlichen, differenzierenden
    darüber hinaus speziellen Eigenschaften jener Plastischen
    Chirurgie (die) Diskretion wahren. Indem blieb von ihm
    jenes Arbeitsweise welcher Laufwerk dieser Chirurgie qua allgemeines
    Gebiet unangefochten. Dasjenige abstrakte
    Wort „Kunst“ (Kluge 1989) blieb also welcher allgemeinen
    Chirurgie widmen.
    Einschließlich Blick gen Chip dargestellte Historie erweist
    sich, dass ein Großteil solcher von Seiten Lexer (1931)
    definierten „Wiederherstellungschirurgie“ derzeit
    dem Teilgebiet dieser Plastischen Chirurgie gewidmet
    worden war. Dieffenbach, ordentlicher Hochschulprofessor
    bei Chirurgie an der Königlichen Universität in
    Berlin, hatte Chip „Plastische Chirurgie“ (1845–
    1848) (▶ Abschn. 2.3) charakterisiert
    » … als den Wiederersatz (Chip Wiederherstellung)
    eines verloren gegangenen oder die
    Produktion welcher Aufbau eines verstümmelten
    Theils des menschlichen Körpers (angeborene
    oder erlittene Deformität) nennen wir
    Plastische Chirurgie. Ein großes, wichtiges,
    künstlerisches Gebiet, auf Deutsche Mark Chip Physiologie
    dieser Chirurgie die Hand genug Dieffenbach
    1845/48, S. 14).

  9. Über Chip Saga dieser britischen Plastischen
    Chirurgie ansonsten des Verbandes der „BAPS British
    Association of Plastic Surgeons“ während jener
    beiden Weltkriege ja sogar solcher Hiatus wird
    in der von Seiten Wallace, „Honorary Archivist to the
    Association“ herausgegebenen Vierzigjahresfestschrift
    inklusive vielen Finessen berichtet (Wallace
    1987).
    Zur gleichen Zeitdifferenz ebenso Ganzer (1879–1960)
    in Berlin erbrachte Kazanjian in Etaples nahe
    Boulogne darüber hinaus den Frontlinien den wichtigen
    Beitrag der prothetischen Zahnheilkunde für
    die Erstbehandlung der Schusswunden des Gesichtes.
    Kazanjian war als Zahnchirurg Teilnehmer
    jener „First Harvard Unit Attached to the British
    Expeditionary Force“ (Kazanjian and Converse
    1949).1920 kehrte er in die Amerika zurück, trat in
    Chip „Harvard Medical School“ ein ferner wurde
    „einer der führenden Plastischen Chirurgen welcher
    Welt“ (Converse 1977).
    Das plastisch-chirurgische Betrachtungsweise
    in Zeitlang jener „Adoleszenz
    mehr noch des Wachstums“ 1918–1939
    Sonstige wichtige Einzelheiten der Umsetzung
    des Konzeptes der Plastischen Chirurgie in den
    Amerika mehr noch hinaus internationaler Stand bis zum Super-GAU
    145 4
    4.1 • Chip neue Episteme – Mann, Gillies, Converse

  10. Im Vorhinein in solcher (zeitlicher) Abstand weckte der Kieferchirurg
    Pichler, dieser existent Lippen- Kiefer- überdies Gaumenspalten
    operierte, Sein Anteilnahme zu Gunsten von die Plastische
    Chirurgie, was 1948 zum Wohnsitz in amerikanischen
    Fachkliniken führte. Er schrieb:
    » Ich für meinen Teil erfuhr stark in Boston an jener ‚Lahey-
    Clinic‘, zu solcher Vollendung die Chirurgie
    angesichts genaue Plan u. a. straffe Organisation,
    stete wissenschaftliche überdies operationstechnische
    Schulung, ständiger Erfahrungsaustausch
    und unermüdliche Beruf gebracht
    Anfang kann (Wilflingseder 1967).
    Paul Wilflingseder hatte ein Stipendium des
    ‚British Council‘ erhalten, wurde vonseiten Gillies
    „als Adept überdies Helfer aufgenommen ebenso wie
    in der Ausfluss durch dessen Interesse, ab 1954 inklusive
    seinen Besuchen in Innsbruck, 24/24 noch einmal
    ausgezeichnet“(Lösch 2003). In den Gesprächen
    einbegriffen Deutsche Mark geschätzten Kollegen erhielt welcher Schreiber
    den Eindruck, dass Gillies als Plastischer Chirurg
    nicht zuletzt britische Persönlichkeit Wilflingseder
    entscheidend geprägt hatte. Im Voraus dieser Zeitabstand zusammen mit
    Gillies hatte Wilflingseder in Österreich u. a.
    den
    USA eine plastisch-chirurgische Fortbildung
    einbehalten. 1967 in seiner Antrittsvorlesung zu dieser
    „Lehrkanzel z. Hd. Plastische unter anderem Wiederherstellende
    Chirurgie“ an solcher Alma Mater Innsbruck,
    Chip Erste in deutschsprachigen Ländern, sagte er:

    » In welcher Jetzt erfuhren Probleme und
    Ziel welcher Plastischen Chirurgie ebenso in theologischer
    Sicht eine Wertung von höchstens
    Lokalität. So erklärte Kirchenfürst Pius XII. am 14.

    Zehnter Monat des Jahres
    1958: ‚Wenn wir die physische Liebreiz
    in ihrem christlichen Belichtung angucken darüber hinaus
    für den Fall, dass wir die von Seiten der Morallehre gegebenen
    Bedingungen respektieren, dadurch steht die
    Ästhetische Chirurgie non… im Widerspruch
    zum Willen Gottes, folglich sie die Perfektion
    des größten Werkes dieser Schöpfung,
    des Menschen, wiederherstellt.
    Wilflingseder wurde 1986 emeritiert, am
    23.1.1993 starb er. Qua Dasein Nachfolger wurde
    Anderl anführen.

  11. Europas zur Behandlung seitens Kriegsverletzten
    seitens Deutsche Mark Chirurgen Eiselsberg (1860–1939) mit
    dieser Betreuung seines Schülers Johann Pichler gegründet
    (Schweppe 1993).
    In Berlin zitierte der Zahnarzt Hugo Ganzer
    (1879–1960) Paracelsus im Vorrede seines Buches
    Die Kriegsverletzungen des Gesichts noch dazu
    Gesichtsschädels
    (1945): „Denn welcher Arzt, solcher da heylet,
    ist die Natur, jede Wunde heylet seitens selbst, so
    jene ausschließlich blitzesauber ja sogar unbefleckt erhalten wird“.
    Der Deutsche Mark
    Zitat folgende Liedtext wird spezifisch wiedergegeben,
    da er Chip außerordentliche Natur
    von Ganzer zutiefst merklich weiterverbinden kann. Er
    schrieb, in die Futur jener Plastischen Wiederherstellungschirurgie
    unserer Tempus weisend:
    » Im Januar 1915 erhielt ich meinerseits aufgrund der Tatsache welches Sanitätsamt
    des Gardekorps von DEM Sanitäts-
    Departement des Preußischen Kriegsministeriums
    den Auftrag im Reservelazarett
    Hochschule für die bildenden Künste zu
    Charlottenburg eine Kieferchirurgische
    Station einzurichten. Dieses Lazarett erschien
    mir bzgl. seiner Lage, seiner Räumlichkeiten
    u. a. absolut nicht schließlich auf Grund der Tatsache seines Gartens
    als zutiefst günstig für diesen Ziel. Die
    Verletzungen des Gesichts sind enervierend
    ja sogar brauchen Belichtung ebenso wie Hauch. Dessen ungeachtet dieser
    sonstige Körper dieser Gesichtsverletzten im Regelfall
    gesund ist, welche Verwundeten also demnächst in
    den Stand gesetzt Werden können, einander beruflich
    zu bedienen – nebst gerade aufwärts diesem
    Sektion spielt Chip Arbeitstherapie eine große
    Laufrad als Heilfaktor –, tun müssen die Verwundeten
    einen tunlichst einfachen Gässlein zu
    ihrer Arbeitsort haben, damit Werk mehr noch
    Lazarettbehandlung gleichzeitig zu ihrem
    Rechte (sich) nähern Versiertheit … Dieses Soldatenkrankenanstalt
    erhielt eine gewissen Umwandlung durch Chip
    Einrichtung jener kieferchirurgischen Entwicklungsstufe
    nebst dieser Nasenstation, so dass Gegenwart eine
    chirurgische, eine innere, eine Hals-, Nasen-,
    Ohren- obendrein eine kieferchirurgische Entwicklungszustand
    parallel bestanden ebenso einander in jener
    Job beiderseits fehlerlos unterstützten.

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